Terpene Science - It's what makes endoteas essentials Different!

Terpenes:

  • are a large and diverse class of organic compounds produced by plants, insects and marine organisms.

  • are hydrocarbons.

  • are interchangeably used with Terpenoids.

  • Terpenoids simply have an added functional group 

  • are the major component of rosin & turpentine produced from resin (sap)

  • are the primary constituent of essential oils from medicinal plants and flowers.

  • Vitamin A is a terpene - Triterpene

  • Calcium, potassium are terpenes that activate ECS

  • are widely used as  pesticides

  • protect plants 

  • deter herbivores

  • attract predators

  • attract herbivore parasites 

  • AKA Isoprenoids

  • 60% known natural products are terpenoids

  • are responsible for flavor

  • are responsible for odor

  • are classified by 3 of repeating C5 sets building blocks or isoprene units - as seen above Mo=C10, etc.

 

Herbs and Spices contain terpenes in many forms, either as vitamins, flavonoids, polyphenols, etc. There are thousands of terpenes.

In cannabis, terpenes are made in the trichomes of the plant. Trichomes are the shiny, sticky, mushroom-shaped crystals that cover the leaves and buds. As humans, we smell these terpenes and can make inferences about the strain and possibly physiological effects that the strain may have.

 

Cannabis is an incredibly diverse plant regarding its biological makeup and potential benefits — and terpenes – are no exception.

 

Over 400 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant, and much progress has been made in the classification of terpenes and their effects are easy for patients and consumers to understand.

 

Broadly speaking, terpenes can be broken down into sweet, sour, spicy, or bitter — with each category further breaking down into more specific smells.

Some of the more popular terpenes are Linalool which is found in lavender, Pinene which is found in rosemary and Limonene which is found in lemon. Other more popular terpenes include Myrcene and Caryophyllene that are found in rosemary, basil, cinnamon, black pepper and the remaining millions of botanical beauties.

 

Terpenes give botanicals their aroma, medicinal properties and in concert with cannabis sativa L, create and entourage effect that acts as an anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, antidepressant, antianxiety and anti alcoholism cocktail, reducing neuropathic pain through the CB2 receptors.

 

Teas contain a terpene called catechin, a powerful antioxidant compound that has anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects.  In endoteas, catechins target and bind to cannabinoid receptors in the central nervous system. Green tea possesses a superior catechin, Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG).

 

Flavonoids are a diverse group of plant compounds found in almost all fruits and vegetables.  Chocolate, tea, wine, beans, herbs, spices, nuts and seeds also contain them. Overall, the more colorful a food is, the richer it is in flavonoids.

 

Flavonoids inhibit fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), which is the enzyme anandamide that is responsible for the upregulation of the endocannabinoid receptor.

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